Dr. Maria Montessori and the Montessori Method
The Montessori Method is a child-centred educational approach. It’s based on scientific research conducted by Dr. Maria Montessori, an Italian physician, of children from birth to adulthood. This method has over 100 years of success in diverse cultures all over the world. It stresses the importance of the development of a healthy self-concept.
Education, she believed, is a preparation for life, not merely a search for intellectual skill.
Maria Montessori, born in 1870, was the first woman granted a medical degree by an Italian university. Influenced by the work of Seguin and Itard of France, Montessori designed materials and techniques which allowed the children to work in areas previously considered beyond their capacity.
Montessori’s life work began with a group of slum children in 1907 when she opened her famous "Casa Dei Bambini" (Children's House). Through her observations of and work with the children, she discovered their remarkable, almost effortless ability to absorb knowledge through their surroundings: children teach themselves.
This simple and profound truth inspired Montessori’s lifelong pursuit of educational reform, curriculum, development, methodology, psychology, teaching and teacher training – all based on her dedication to further the self-creating process of the child.